Resources on Utopian Cities

Policy links to India’s Urbanization

Make in India

Smart Cities Mission

Smart Cities Challenge

Smart Cities Council India

HRIDAY: Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana

Articles on India’s Smart Cities

India’s smart city craze

Smartness Inc.

Critique of India’s smart cities

Smart colonies, not cities

Will smart cities stifle local democracy?

Will India’s experiment with smart cities tackle poverty – or make it worse?

Role of Citizens in India’s Smart Cities Challenge

A regularly curated resource on Smart cities in the global South

City specific resources


2031 Master Plan, from Varanasi Development Authority

Sustainable Development of Heritage City Varanasi, from School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi


Chandigarh: Urban Planning Concepts – A Comparative Study with Residential Development, QT8, Milano, by Gauri Avasak Natasha Mathur Pardhu Kamineni

Le Corbusier’s Master Plan, from Chandigarh Government

City of Chandigarh, from Architectuul

Navi Mumbai

Development Timeline of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai, from NIUA-CIDCO Smart City Lab

Navi Mumbai: Promising Future for Largest Planned City, by Urban Vaastu

City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashta


Nashik City Development Plan

Nashik Smart City

Bhamare, Vinayak Nago, ‘Nashik City: A Study in Urban Geography’, (doctoral thesis, Tilak Maharashta University, Pune, 2014)

Other resources

Tekton: A Journal of Architecture, Urban Planning and Design, by MES Pillai Architecture College, Navi Mumbai

Urban Expansion Observatory India, a project measuring the quality of urban expansion from 1990-2010 using high-resolution imagery.

Urbanization Blog, by the Centre for Policy Research

Further reading

Araya, Daniel, ed., Smart Cities as Democratic Ecologies (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

Campbell, Tim, Beyond Smart Cities: How Cities Network, Learn and Innovate (Abingdon, Oxon, New York: Earthscan, 2012).

Datta, Ayona, ‘India’s Eco-city? Urbanisation, environment and mobility in the making of Lavasa’, Environment and Planning C, 30.6 (2012), 982–996.

Datta, Ayona, ‘A 100 Smart Cities, a 100 Utopias’, Dialogues in Human Geography, 5.1 (2015), 49-53.

Datta, Ayona, ‘New Urban Utopias of Postcolonial India: Entrepreneurial Urbanization and the Smart City in Gujarat’, Dialogues in Human Geography, 5.1 (2015), 3-22.

Kalia, R., ‘Bhubanesvwar: Contrasting Visions in Traditional Indian and Modern European Architecture’, Journal of Urban History 23.2 (1997), 164–191.

Kalia, R., Chandigarh: The Making of an Indian City (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

Kalia, R., Gandhinagar: Building National Identity in Postcolonial India (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004).

Komninos, Nicos, The Age of Intelligent Cities: Smart Environments and Innovation-for-all trategies (New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015).

Marvin, Simon, and Andrés Luque-Ayala and Colin McFarlane, eds., Smart Urbanism: Utopian Vision or False Dawn? (London: Routledge, 2015).

Picon, Antoine, Smart Cities: Theory and Criticism of a Self-fulfilling Ideal (Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2015).

Shaw, A., ‘Town Planning in Postcolonial India, 1947–1965: Chandigarh Re-examined’, Urban Geography, 30.8 (2009), 857–878.

Townsend, Anthony M., Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2014).


Image courtesy Ayona Datta
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